Many laid-off workers from state enterprises are being cheated by bogus employment agencies. The Market Daily newspaper warned workers to be on the alert for swindlers who charged registration or agent fees and then disappeared. Job agencies have mushroomed throughout the mainland and advertise on walls, in newspapers and on radio and television. 'They try to make job-seekers believe there are numerous vacancies and it is easy to find jobs with a good salary, bonus and welfare benefits,' the paper said. A survey in Jiangsu province found that only 31 of 246 agencies had licences and the rest were illegal. The paper described the experience of an unemployed labourer who paid 450 yuan (HK$420) to an agent who asked him to wait five to eight days. When he came back, the agent had disappeared. 'Such cases are reported in many areas,' the paper said. Others are cheated by fraudulent vocational schools or training courses. It gave the example of a 30-year-old worker who borrowed 3,000 yuan from his relatives to join a computer training class which guaranteed all participants to pass a national computer exam. 'He found the classroom was a shabby little house in which there were four old computers. More than 30 workers huddled around the computers and instead of three months' training, each only got four days. No company would be interested in the skills acquired in four days,' the paper said.