LEGISLATIVE Councillors called for a review of the Traffic Accident Victims Assistance Scheme yesterday after lashing out at a government proposal to increase levies on drivers and car owners under the scheme. The amendment of the bill related to the scheme is aimed at enabling the Government to cut its contribution from one third to 20 per cent. The move is related to the role pedestrians, who have accounted for a lower percentage of traffic accidents in recent years. Pedestrians accounted for 30 to 35 per cent of traffic accidents from 1973 to 1977 while the figures for the 1978-90 period were 20.3 to 25.7 per cent. With the reduced contribution from the Government, the annual levy on vehicleowners would increase by 50 per cent from $48 to $72 while driving licence holders would pay $24 instead of $16. But government figures show that the amendment to the bill would not prevent the scheme from running into bankruptcy next year and legislators said the Government should consider a review of the scheme's principles and the way it has been carried out. The Government has estimated a deficit of $16.4 million in the 1993-94 year on the reserve if no measures are introduced to boost the fund. The scheme, which has been in place since 1978, provides emergency financial assistance to traffic accident victims, who have to repay the Government after obtaining compensations from insurance companies. But according to Principal Assistant Secretary for Health and Welfare, Mr Stephen Fisher, only a small sum can be recovered due to the reluctance of victims to take their cases to court after their plight has been relieved by scheme. While payouts from the scheme rose from $47.6 million in 1987 to $70.4 million last year, the amount of money recovered was no more than $7 million a year. Co-operative Resources Centre legislator Mrs Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee said the Government had discouraged victims from seeking insurance compensation. ''It is a matter of principle, can we let the Government continue to, in a way, substitute insurance companies by compensating traffic accident victims with quick money?'' she said. Independent legislator Mr Eric Li Ka-cheung suggested the Government changed the mechanism of the scheme to ensure more people returned their compensation to the Government. He said the Government could act on behalf of victims to seek compensation from insurance companies. The suggestion was dismissed by Mr Fisher as impractical and incompatible with the original idea of the scheme, which was simply to help the victims. ''We cannot simply force a victim to sue anyone for compensation, we could not force anyone to go to court,'' he said, adding that the Government would not like to see the scheme being complicated to administer.