The business school offers under- graduate and post-graduate degrees. There are two undergraduate degrees - a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in management and marketing and a BBA in accounting and finance. MBAs are offered in Hong Kong and a similar degree will be launched in Shanghai later this year in collaboration with Fudan University. Research degrees include a Mphil and the Citicorp Doctoral Programme (PhD). The BBA programmes take three years to complete. The first year comprises eight required courses and one elective. Required courses include economics, management, accounting, statistics, computer concepts, English for academic communication and business law. In addition to one additional core course, which is selected from several options, an elective is chosen from any of the following departments - English, fine arts, geography and geology, history, Japanese studies, mathematics, music, philosophy and the language centre. During the second and third years, the course becomes more specialised and students have more options. Core courses vary and there are more electives to choose. Modules include general and human resource management, marketing, management science, management information systems and banking. Offered on a part-time basis, the MBA courses embrace three core themes - theoretical, functional and regional. The first builds a knowledge of management theory; the second applies that knowledge in the different functional areas of management; and the third focuses that knowledge on the Asia-Pacific business region and its links to the globalisation of business. The programme begins with an induction workshop exploring the individual approaches of students to management. In the first year, students examine management in organisations at both the individual and organisational level. The impact of the international business environment on work organisations throughout Asia is also explored. Courses normally taken during the first year are business data analysis, human behaviour and organisation, managerial economics, financial accounting, firm structure and management, and Hong Kong's role in the international business environment. The second year takes a functional approach, examining key aspects of the organisation. Students can also choose elective courses including entrepreneurship, investment, total quality management, service marketing and management, management of strategic alliances and business in China. Second-year courses generally include managerial finance, business law and marketing. During the third year, the focus is on general management and the range of elective courses is even greater. Students also take strategic management and do an MBA project. They have the option of visiting another country to analyse business practices in that country. If students study during the summer, they can complete the programme in two years. They can also take fewer classes, completing it in four. Research programmes leading to a Mphil or PhD are offered on a part-time or full-time basis.