Graduates are turning to village and township enterprises for employment as state enterprises struggle and government jobs dry up. The China Education News reported that 182 college graduates in 15 fields at Fuzhou University had signed up with 33 enterprises in the town of Qingyang, Fujian. Out of 20 graduates from the department of biological engineering, eight chose to work in Qingyang. Qingyang is among the top 10 towns with the highest incomes in the province. Enterprises there are urgently in need of talent to cope with their rapid development. Graduates are increasingly looking to township enterprises as competition hots up in the hunt for work, with reforming government agencies slashing personnel and state-owned enterprises suffering difficulties. Professors in Shanghai told the Singapore Nanyang Zaobao the situation did not look good for college graduates. One professor recommended that graduates stay in college to pursue higher degrees. A graduate from the Chinese department of Fudan University said that compared to many cadres whose jobs had been lost to economic restructuring, new graduates without experience or connections found it even more difficult to land jobs. A professor said students should adjust their expectations and be willing to start at the bottom. Mainland colleges and universities will produce one million graduates this year. There have been predictions of eight million cadres being laid off in the next three years.