Government efforts to tackle unemployment and poverty have received a 40 per cent approval rating in a survey. On a scale of one to 10, with five as the pass mark, the administration earned only 3.76 for its efforts on unemployment, 3.98 on poverty and four for its job skills training programmes. The telephone survey of 822 people conducted by the Chinese University last month also found 11.4 per cent of respondents considered themselves unemployed and 61 per cent had a friend or relative who was unemployed. Out of that figure, 58.9 per cent had three or more relatives or friends who were jobless. 'Unemployment has touched many people's lives,' said Professor Lui Tai-lok, associate professor of the department of sociology who conducted the survey with Professor Wong Chack-kie, of the department of social work. While 54 per cent of respondents rated self-reliance and individual effort as the best methods to overcome unemployment, 25 per cent said the Government should take the lead. An April survey showed only five per cent of respondents believed resolving livelihood problems was up to the Government, with 90 per cent saying it depended on individual effort. 'In just a month, the public's opinion has changed significantly. People now think the Government should do much more to help people,' Dr Wong said. A total of 21.5 per cent of respondents said they were worried they would lose their job soon. The survey also found that 47.2 per cent of respondents disagreed that many unemployed recipients of Comprehensive Social Security Assistance did not deserve help.