A RETIRED commissioner of Correctional Services, Chan Wa-shek, has launched a libel action against Apple Daily over an article concerning the circumstances in which he left the Government. Mr Chan, 67, the first local head of the department, claims the report also made defamatory remarks about his conduct while head of the prison service. He retired in 1991. 'The article was maliciously and falsely published and calculated to disparage the reputation of the plaintiff and to lower him in the estimation of righteous-thinking members of society generally or to expose him to hatred, ridicule, scandal, odium, and contempt,' said a High Court writ filed yesterday. The story concerned Mr Chan's performance, character and integrity, it said. Mr Chan, a managing director of Fidelity Holdings since March 1992 and a director of Citybus since September 1994, was obliged to give a full explanation to both companies as a result of the April 16 article.. His promotion prospects and potential pay increases from Citybus had been jeopardised, the writ says. Mr Chan is claiming damages and an injunction to prevent further publication of similar articles. The three defendants named in the writ are Apple Daily Ltd, its managing director, Loh Chan, and chief editor Ip Yut-kin.