Officials have tried to show critics were wrong in attributing May's record election turnout to a protest vote against the administration. According to a survey of 3,037 people conducted by the Home Affairs Bureau on voting behaviour, 68 per cent of those who voted said they had done so out of a sense of civic responsibility. Two per cent had voted out of dissatisfaction with the Government. Liberal Party chairman and defeated candidate Allen Lee Peng-fei said in May that dissatisfaction with the Government and the provisional legislature had created a large protest vote. Thirty-three per cent of those who did not vote cited 'no time available'. The percentage was lower than the 43 per cent surveyed in the last Legco election in 1995.