SPEEDING by motorists is the most commonly detected traffic offence in Hongkong. Excess speed is a major cause of traffic accidents and the police will enforce the law vigorously to maintain control on the roads. Two-thirds of all fatalities and half of all seriously injured accident victims are pedestrians. Drivers should always be aware of their responsibilities behind the wheel and bear in mind their obligatory duty to drive safely at all times. The offence of speeding is sub-divided into speed bands and, while the financial penalty is either $200 or $280, the level of demerit point earnings varies. Exceed the speed limit by less than 15 kilometres per hour and you pay only the lower fixed penalty with no demerit points; by 30-45 km/h you pay $280 and get three points; by 30-45 km/h you get five points; over 45 km/h, eight points. The only offences which carry more points than for speeding are those involving reckless driving or illegal road racing. Other moving traffic offences for which tickets can be issued and which carry driver demerit points are: Crossing continuous double white lines or a white line together with a broken white line; Failing to comply with traffic signals; Failing to give precedence to pedestrians on a zebra crossing; Failing to stop for a school crossing patrol. Each of these carry three points as well as the $280 financial penalty. Financial penalties in Hongkong are not high at the moment, having been eroded by inflation and continuing prosperity. Some drivers are being lulled into the dangerous misconception that the law can be disobeyed with impunity. Such people should be aware that penalty points are not subject to inflation and that it is possible to be disqualified for as little as $560 in fixed penalties.