A weekly look through the archives at how the century progressed August 31, 1945: The South China Morning Post and The Hong Kong Telegraph reappeared 'after an enforced holiday of three years and eight months', issued jointly on a single tabloid page. The previous day Admiral Harcourt's naval force arrived at noon to formally accept the Japanese surrender. 'Never were the Union Jack and the bravely flying White Ensign more gratifying to the eye and to the heart,' wrote the editor. Amid the celebrations, several 'unpleasant incidents' were reported. As British and Canadian troops handed out Japanese soap, clothes, and yen at the naval dockyard, a crowd attacked a Japanese truck 'with four unarmed men on board', one of whom died from his injuries. Marines dispersed the mob by firing into the air, and rescued the three survivors. September 20, 1945: Proclamation 13 of the British Military Administration formally ended colonial opium monopolies. July 1947: New Governor Sir Alexander Grantham arrived, succeeding Sir Mark Young who had been reinstalled after the war, but whose personal health had deteriorated rapidly after harsh treatment under the Japanese. July 16, 1948: A Cathay Pacific Catalina plane attacked by pirates shortly after taking off from Macau became involved in the world's first air hijacking. October 1, 1949: Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of a Chinese People's Republic and a Central People's Government in Shanghai, 'to the accompaniment of bursts of applause from the many thousands jamming the outdoor site, and salvoes from cannon'. But the news was pushed downpage in the next day's Post by fears that the Communists were heading south from positions north of Canton. October 14, 1949: Twenty Kuomintang soldiers and their colonel, dressed in black oiled-silk Chinese civilian dress, surrendered to a British-born policeman at Shataukok. In Canton, which up to then had been occupied by KMT troops, there were explosions. 'Reds' Entry Imminent' Post headlines blazed the next day. Nearly two million people were to cross into Hong Kong before the end of the following year.