Lingnan University aims for an all-round approach to education, training its students to think critically, make sound judgments, care about others and society and adapt to changes in the world. Lingnan, the only liberal arts education institute in the SAR, gained university status in July. General education, language proficiency and information literacy courses are compulsory for all degree programmes. The university, formerly Lingnan College, was set up in Hong Kong in 1967 by a group of alumni from Lingnan University in Guangzhou, which was founded in 1888. Lingnan moved to its Tuen Mun campus in 1995, a 10,578- square-metre site which provides hostel accommodation for 1,500 out of its 2,132 students, making it the institution with the highest percentage of students living on campus. A new credit-based system was introduced in September to provide students with more learning opportunities in various disciplines. The university offers undergraduate programmes in Chinese, contemporary English studies, cultural studies, translation, business administration and social science. Students can graduate upon successful completion of at least 100 credits in three years. This year, the university admitted seven mainland students under the Government's pilot scheme and one exchange student from the United States. Its 'teacher-intensive' structure is modelled after that of liberal arts institutions in the United States. It also emphasises interdisciplinary programmes. There are nine academic de partments and a school of general education. The university's language enhancement initiatives are designed to improve new students' proficiency in English and Chinese. Students can also study French and Japanese at a self-access centre. To ensure that students meet the language requirements of the workplace, Lingnan was the first institution in the SAR to conduct benchmark tests. The voluntary assessment tests students' standard of English, Putonghua and written Chinese. The university operates several research institutes, including the Asia-Pacific Institute for Ageing Studies, Centre for Asian Pacific Studies, Centre for Public Policy Studies and Hong Kong Institute of Business Studies. Full-time students in need of financial assistance are eligible to apply for government grants and loans. In 1998-99, scholarships, prizes and loans worth more than $2.7 million were donated by private firms, professional bodies and individuals. The university plans to launch new degree programmes in history and philosophy between 2001 and 2004. Two new part-time master's degree programmes in social gerontology and English studies have also been proposed. It is also seeking funding from the University Grants Committee to set up a continuing education division.