In Hong Kong 1965: Actress Jane Powell arrived in Hong Kong on a six-day holiday. The American star said she was in Hong Kong to shop and look for Chinese antiques. More than 500 guests attended the opening of the Kingsland Restaurant and Nightclub, the star attraction being a rotating stage. 1968: Several arrivals from China said they had seen parades of young men in Canton marching to various PLA (People's Liberation Army) headquarters and ammunition dumps to surrender their weapons. 1970: The lawn bowl team of Saco Delgado; A R Kitchell, Robert da Silva and George Souza won Hong Kong's first gold medal at the IX Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh, Scotland. 1971: Plans were afoot to bring the controversial Broadway hit Hair to Hong Kong. Promoter Harry Odell said he was not concerned about the play's nude scenes and foul language. 'People are beginning to use them freely now, so I don't see why the censors should bother at all,' he said. Around the world 64: Fire destroyed two thirds of Rome. Emperor Nero blamed Christians for the blaze and persecuted them. 1536: The English Parliament declared the authority of the Pope void in England. 1610: The Italian painter Caravaggio died. He often used ordinary people to illustrate religious scenes. 1811: William Makepeace Thackeray, English novelist who wrote Vanity Fair, was born in India. 1817: Jane Austen, English writer whose novels included Pride And Prejudice, died. 1870: The Vatican Council declared the Dogma of Papal Infallibility in matters of morals and faith. 1872: Benito Pablo Juarez, national hero of Mexico and three times president, died. 1887: Vidkun Quisling, a Norwegian army officer, was born. His collaboration with the Nazis made his name a synonym for 'traitor'. 1918: Nelson Mandela was born. 1925: Adolf Hitler published the first volume of his personal manifesto, Mein Kampf. 1972: Egypt demanded that the Soviet Union remove its 20,000 advisers from the country, accusing it of failing to supply promised arms. 1976: The 21st Olympic Games opened in Montreal. Taiwan was refused entry and 19 countries withdrew in protest against New Zealand's rugby tour of South Africa. 1984: A gunman massacred 20 people at a McDonald's restaurant in California, saying 'I don't like Mondays' - even though it was Wednesday. 1996: The United Nations accepted an Iraqi plan for distributing humanitarian supplies under an 'oil-for-food' agreement. 1997: US astronomer Eugene Shoemaker, who helped discover the giant Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet that made history when it slammed into the planet Jupiter in 1994, died in a car crash in Australia. He was 69.