In Hong Kong 1957: Magistrate T L Yang fined two British soldiers $30 each for failing to pay a $3 fare to a rickshaw puller. 1963: Buckingham Palace announced Sir David Trench had been appointed governor and commander-in-chief of Hong Kong. The former deputy colonial secretary succeeded Sir Robert Black in early 1964. 1967: A New China News Agency (Xinhua) reporter was jailed for two years after being found guilty in a Victoria District Court of unlawful assembly and intimidating assembly. Sit Ping, 32, had refused to answer questions under cross-examination and protested to the judge that 'you are holding a trial illegally and insist on being an enemy of the Chinese people to no good consequences'. 1971: Former Fanling head professional golf coach Lu Liang-huan carded a final round three-under par 66 to win the French Open by two strokes. Lu, who had finished second at the British Open a week earlier, received HK$39,375. Around the world 1553: Lady Jane Grey was deposed and Mary Tudor was proclaimed queen of England. 1814: Samuel Colt, US inventor of the revolver that bears his name, was born. 1834: Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter and sculptor best known for his portrayals of theatre life, was born. 1837: English civil engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel's steamship Great Western was launched at Bristol. On this day in 1843 his Great Britain, the first Atlantic liner built of iron, was launched. 1843: Loose, knee-length women's trousers that became known as bloomers were introduced by their American inventor, Amelia Jenks Bloomer. 1877: The first Wimbledon tennis final took place. 1900: The Paris Metro underground rail system opened. 1922: George McGovern, US senator and unsuccessful candidate for president in 1972, was born. 1941: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill introduced his 'V for Victory' campaign in World War II. 1947: Burmese Premier U Aung San and six other ministers were assassinated. 1965: Syngman Rhee, first president of the Republic of Korea (South Korea), died. 1980: The 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow; more than 40 nations boycotted the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. 1989: Communist leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski was elected president of Poland. 1992: A car bomb killed Paolo Borsellino, a leading anti-Mafia judge in Palermo, Sicily. 1996: Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic resigned from public office in an effort to clear the way for post-war elections in Bosnia. 1997: The Irish Republican Army announced a ceasefire effective on July 20 in its 28-year campaign to end British rule over Northern Ireland. 1997: Anglo-French entrepreneur Sir James Goldsmith, corporate raider and anti-European crusader, died.