In Hong Kong 1960: Harry Belafonte arrived in the colony for a five-day visit following a successful tour of Japan. The actor/singer and civil rights activist, who had recently won an Emmy Award, said he would not be performing in Hong Kong but he would 'speak against racial prejudice anywhere'. 1961: US singer Pat Boone was mobbed by hundreds of teenagers, mainly girls, as he emerged from the customs enclosure at Kai Tak. Boone, who was on a world tour, said during his stay here, he would visit seven-year-old Ho Chak-fan, whom he had adopted through the Foster Parents Plan. 1963: About 150 American soldiers were involved in a Wan Chai brawl, described by a military policeman as the worst he had seen in Hong Kong. Witnesses said the brawl, which had started in a bar and spilled into Lockhart Road, was between American black sailors and white sailors. 1967: Police raided a communist school in Kowloon and were greeted by a blackboard bearing the slogan: 'Lay down your weapons and return home'. Some of the empty classrooms at Heung To Middle School were rigged with trip ropes tied to the doors, which when opened dragged down empty bottles and chairs. Around the world 1567: Mary Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate and James VI became King of Scotland at the age of one. 1783: Simon Bolivar was born in Venezuela. A South American revolutionary, he freed much of South America from Spanish control and Bolivia was named after him. 1802: Alexandre Dumas Senior, French playwright and author of The Count Of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers, was born. 1862: Martin van Buren, eighth president of the United States, died; he was the first US president not to be born a British subject. 1883: Matthew Webb, first man to swim the English Channel (in 1875), drowned while attempting to swim the rapids above Niagara Falls. 1923: The Treaty of Lausanne was signed between Turkey and the allied powers. Turkey gave up all claims to non-Turkish territories lost in World War I. 1974: Sir James Chadwick, the English physicist who discovered the neutron and later worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the atom bomb, died. 1974: The US Supreme Court ordered President Richard Nixon to surrender 64 White House tape recordings to the Washington District Court conducting the Watergate proceedings. 1981: Floods killed more than 700 people in Szechuan province in China; 1.5 million were left homeless. 1990: US warships in the Gulf were placed on alert after Iraq massed nearly 30,000 troops near its border with Kuwait. 1993: Russia's central bank announced a drastic reform of the monetary system, saying all banknotes issued up to the end of 1992 would be withdrawn. 1997 : Charles Taylor was declared Liberia's new president. 1998: Tazio Secchiaroli, one of the world's most famous photographers and the paparazzo who inspired Federico Fellini's film La Dolce Vita, died, aged 73.