In Hong Kong 1960: The Hong Kong film industry had taken a giant leap forward in producing its first pictures in Cinemascope. Shaw Studios, which had completed its first colour picture in the big screen process, was building a 650,000-square-foot studio in Clear Water Bay. 1966: Hal Fein, an American music publisher who claimed to have discovered the Beatles in Hamburg, arrived in Hong Kong. He said he signed the group to a management and recording contract and soon after suffered a heart attack, forcing him to sell the contract to record shop owner Brian Epstein. He said selling the contract cost him millions of pounds but he had no regrets. 1969: Two Americans, Simeon Baldwin and Bessie Hope Donald, arrived in Hong Kong after 294 days' captivity in China. The pair, who had not been heard from since their 17-metre boat was seized in Chinese waters, said they had thrown away their passports because they were afraid of what might happen if the mainland authorities discovered they were Americans. Around the world 43BC: Marcus Tullius died. Known as Cicero, he was a statesman, writer and was remembered as one of Rome's greatest orators. 1787: Delaware voted to adopt the newly created federal constitution, thus becoming the first of the United States. 1889: Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera The Gondoliers premiered in London. 1941: Japanese planes attacked the US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, destroying many aircraft and ships, and precipitating the US declaration of war on Japan. 1953: David Ben Gurion, who had been prime minister of Israel since its foundation, resigned. 1971: Libya announced the nationalisation of British Petroleum's assets. 1972: The US launched Apollo 17, the last Apollo mission, on its way to the moon. 1975: The Indonesian army swept into East Timor as civil war broke out after the Portuguese colonial rulers of three centuries left the colony. 1982: Charlie Brooks Jnr, a prisoner on death row at Fort Worth prison, Texas, was executed by lethal injection: the first to die by this method in the US. 1985: Robert Graves, English poet and author of I, Claudius, died. 1988: In Armenia, an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale killed more than 25,000 people. 1989: Czechoslovak President Gustav Husak accepted the resignation of Communist Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec. 1993: The US Government said it had concealed 204 nuclear blasts at its Nevada test site. 1993: Felix Houphouet-Boigny, Africa's longest serving leader and the only president the Ivory Coast had known, died. 1995: A probe from the spacecraft Galileo successfully entered the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter. 1999: With a last-ditch radio attempt raising nothing , Nasa was forced to admit that the US$165 million (HK$1.3 billion) Mars Polar Lander was almost certainly lost.