CASUALTY statistics published by Lloyd's Register show a decrease in both the tonnage and the number of ships lost in 1992 compared with the previous year, while ships broken up reached the highest total tonnage for five years. China emerged as the leading ship-breaking nation, accounting for more than a third of the total. In second position was India with 29.3 per cent, followed by Bangladesh with 18 per cent. LR's Casualty Return 1992 shows 213 ships totalling 1.2 million gross tonnage were totally lost, compared with 258 ships of 1.5 mgt. Some 80 per cent of this tonnage was more than 15 years old. The number of lives lost in these casualties was 246, the lowest figure since 1980. Bulk carrier losses, 13 vessels of 576,000 gt, made up 47.1 per cent of the total in terms of tonnage, and oil tankers, seven vessels of 332,000 gt, accounted for 27.1 per cent. General cargo ships represented the highest total by number of ships, 81 vessels of 173,754 gt. All but five of these were below 5,000 gt. The number of fishing vessels lost was 77, the second-highest total. The largest category, foundered, accounted for 94 ships totalling 283,000 gt (23.2 per cent), 17 fewer than in 1991 and down by 186,000 gt in terms of tonnage. Losses included the ore carrier Daeyang Honey (64,955 gt built in 1970) which was lost with all 28 crew members, the highest loss of life recorded during the year. The largest ship lost in this category was the ore-bulk-oil carrier Karadeniz S (65,405 gt, built in 1969). In the fire-explosion category, 35 ships totalling 280,000 gt (22.9 per cent) were lost. They included the biggest ship totally lost in 1992, the 125,663 gt tanker Yellow Fin, built in 1975. In the wrecked-stranded category, 44 ships amounting to 245,000 gt (20.05 per cent) were lost, up by 105,000 gt from the previous year. The most notable losses in this category were the ore-bulk-oil carrier Aegean Sea (53,964 gt, built 1973), stranded at the entrance to Corunna, and the ore carrier Arisan (75,361 gt, built in 1974), stranded south of Aalesund after dragging anchors in heavy weather. The collision category totalled 25 ships of 215,000 gt (17.6 per cent), 11 fewer than in 1991 but 30,000 gt higher in terms of tonnage. More than half the tonnage lost in this category was accounted for by the tanker World Hitachi Zosen (124,878 gt, built in 1975) which suffered a fire and explosion after a collision. The lost etc category totalled 180,000 gt (nine ships). Most of this tonnage was accounted for by the ore-oil carrier Compass Rose (120,734 gt, built in 1973) which sustained heavy weather damage. Three ships totalling 19,000 gt were lost in the category contact and three ships amounting to 383 gt were recorded in the category missing. Tonnage broken up during 1992 almost tripled to 6.6 mgt (1,004 vessels), the highest level since 1987. In terms of ship types broken up, tanker tonnage represented 51.3 per cent (3.4 mgt) of the total, bulk carriers (including ore-bulk-oil carriers) 24.1 per cent (1.6 mgt) and general cargo ships 17.8 per cent (1.2 mgt). LR's Casualty Return 1992, which covers all self-propelled seagoing ships of 100 gt and above totally lost as a result of marine accidents and broken up, costs GBP65 (about HK$747), including forwarding charges.