Capitalists will remain a minority in the Communist Party and a stringent selection and expulsion mechanism will ensure the 'purity' of the party, Xinhua reported. In what appears to be an attempt to quell anxieties within the party after President Jiang Zemin's controversial speech on July 1 encouraging reform, the commentary said the party would be highly selective in admitting businessmen and only those who shared the party's principles would be allowed to join. It cautioned that party cadres should avoid judging a private businessman's credentials as a recruit in terms of wealth, donations to charities or individual fame. Earlier reports said Beijing would pick a handful of private businessmen from 10 provinces in a pilot scheme. Many businessmen have expressed interest in joining the party in a bid to improve their political status. But the commentary said the party should educate entrepreneurs to work in line with the party's doctrines, including 'reinvesting a good sum of their after-tax profits to expand production' and 'be enthusiastic in charitable work'. They also should respect the rights of workers and 'sincerely strive for their benefits', the commentary said. It said the party should be vigilant and exclude those who did not meet the criteria. 'They [the new members] should not interfere with the work and the administration of the party by using their financial strength or social connections,' Xinhua said. 'We should also expel those who have lost the credentials needed for party members over time.' The unexpected announcement by Mr Jiang on July 1 embracing capitalists sparked fierce debate within the party about how to incorporate private businessmen into a party that supposedly represents the working class. Some party members have expressed concern that entrepreneurs who become party members will exploit their workers. The commentary appeared to be an attempt to allay fears among some party members that entrepreneurs would become a dominating force in the party. 'We will allow the elite from the new social class to join the party. But it does not mean that we will focus on recruiting these people,' the commentary said. 'Comrade Jiang Zemin has made it clear that the foundation and the mainstay of the party should be workers, peasants, intellectuals, the military and officials.' In a separate commentary, Xinhua warned that state enterprises should not give shares to employees, warning the practice could cause the state losses.