Anti-smoking programmes are needed in special schools, where up to 90 per cent of pupils admit being regular smokers, an academic has claimed. University of Hong Kong psychologist Raymond Tang Ho-ming said he made the smoking discovery at one of the seven schools for children with behavioural problems. He said there was a high probability the other schools would fit the pattern. The special schools run from Primary Three to Secondary Three and aim to integrate pupils into mainstream schools. 'The Government has focused a lot of resources on smoking prevention. What we need now is cessation programmes to get them to quit now they have picked up the habit,' Mr Tang said. He has been running programmes at the school in question since last year. It has 150 students aged 13 to 16. But without proper funding and a structured programme, it was hard to estimate how successful his efforts had been. His programme involves regularly meeting small groups to discuss health and other dangers associated with smoking. A survey last year by the University of Hong Kong's department of community medicine found between nine and 13 per cent of students from Secondary One to Three were smokers. The Education Department said there were enough resources and courses to educate pupils on the dangers of smoking.