In Hong Kong 1960: Hong Kong was among the world's top four film producing centres with 246 films made the previous year, a report said. The local industry took a big leap forward when it began producing Cinemascope pictures. 1963: In football, Thailand scored in the last 15 seconds of a match against Hong Kong in the Asian Cup Central Zone qualifying stage to equalise 3-3. 1968: The Government was studying ways to implement the first parts of the proposed underground railway system for Hong Kong, estimated to cost $1.5 billion. 1971: Sir Kwan Cho-yiu collapsed and died during a session of the Executive Council, of which he was the senior Chinese unofficial member. 1975: The Hong Kong Arts Festival announced an extra concert by Cleo Lane and her husband, musician John Dankworth, after their shows had sold out. Around the world 43BC: Marcus Tullius, known as Cicero, died. A statesman and writer, he was remembered as Rome's greatest orator. 1787: Delaware voted to adopt the newly created federal constitution, becoming the first state of the United States. 1808: Republican James Madison was elected US president. 1815: Michel Ney, the most famous of Napoleon's marshals, was executed by firing squad for treason. 1941: Japanese planes attacked the US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, killing hundreds and destroying many aircraft and ships. The attack provoked the US into declaring war on Japan and entering World War II. 1971: Libya announced the nationalisation of British Petroleum's assets. 1972: The US launched Apollo 17, the last Apollo mission, on its way to the moon. 1975: The Indonesian army swept into East Timor as civil war broke out after the Portuguese rulers of three centuries left. 1982: Charlie Brooks Jnr, a prisoner on death row at Fort Worth prison, Texas, was executed by lethal injection, the first to die by this method in the US. 1985: Robert Graves, English poet and author of the novel I, Claudius, died. 1988: An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale killed more than 25,000 people in Armenia. 1993: The US Government said it had concealed 204 nuclear blasts at its Nevada test site, more than one fifth of total tests, to keep the Soviet Union in the dark. 1993: Don Ameche, who broke into Hollywood films as a suave leading man in the 1930s but had to wait five decades to win his first Oscar for his role in Cocoon, died. 1993: A lone gunman aboard a packed rush-hour commuter train opened fire on passengers just outside New York, killing six and wounding 19. 1999: Nasa admitted that the US$165 million (HK$1.28 billion) Mars Polar Lander was almost certainly lost in space. 2000: Asia's first impeachment trial for a head of state began with President Joseph Estrada facing charges including bribery, corruption and betrayal of public trust.