In Hong Kong 1960: The production of iron ore mined in Hong Kong amounted to 30,048 long tons in the third quarter, compared with 29,645 in the same period in the previous year. 1963: Chinese secret societies began with high aims but had degenerated into the most dangerous and vicious criminal gangs the world had ever seen, said British publisher Leon Comber at the Pakistan Club annual dinner. 1968: Liu Kwok-piu, a 12-year-old Hunghom resident, was awarded $100 for reporting to the authorities his discovery of three home-made bombs. 1971: Pierre Mendes-France, the French prime minister from 1954-1955, arrived in Hong Kong. He was on his way to Beijing for a two-week visit at the invitation of Chinese prime minister Zhou Enlai. 1975: Harry Odell, the Hong Kong impresario, died in Canossa Hospital. He was 79. The long-time resident was the owner of Capital Artists and had brought some of the world's biggest acts and attractions to the colony. 1984: Britain and China signed an agreement for the return of Hong Kong to mainland rule in 1997. Around the world 1154: Henry II was crowned King of England; he strengthened the national administration and established the Exchequer. 1564: At the Battle of Dreux, a Catholic army defeated the Huguenots in the first French Religious War. 1741: Vitus Bering, the Danish-born explorer, died of scurvy; he gave his name to the Bering Sea, Bering Strait and discovered Alaska. 1851: Joseph Mallord William Turner, the English painter, died. His use of light anticipated French impressionism. 1863: Linoleum, the smooth floor covering, was patented by Frederick Walton of London. 1950: The North Atlantic Council named General Dwight Eisenhower the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Europe. 1957: The Soviet Union and Britain agree to start a regular air service between Moscow and London. 1958: United States president Eisenhower sent Christmas greetings in the world's first satellite broadcast. 1965: Charles de Gaulle won the French presidential election by defeating Francois Mitterrand in the run-off. 1990: Lebanese prime minister Selim Hoss resigned, clearing the way for the formation of a national reconciliation government which included rival warlords. 1997: A Singapore SilkAir Boeing 737 crashed near Palembang, in Indonesia, killing all 104 people on board. 1997: Veteran South Korean dissident Kim Dae-jung won the presidency in a close vote to succeed Kim Young-sam. 1999: Macau ceased to be a Portuguese territory at midnight, reverting to Chinese rule. 1999: Veteran British character actor Desmond Llewelyn, the gadgetry expert 'Q' in a string of James Bond films, died in a car crash. He was 85. 2000: Greek Orthodox Church patriarch Diodorus I died.