The Bush-Jiang summit was, for the most part, a piece of carefully choreographed diplomacy - right down to President Jiang's impromptu display of dancing at the dinner he hosted. Even before the meetings began it would have been obvious to officials that there were to be no breakthrough deals. But what the meetings between the two leaders lacked in concrete results, seemed to be compensated for by each taking the opportunity to make it clear that pragmatism will govern their dealings with each other. Through his public comments and through the personal touches displayed at Thursday night's banquet, Mr Jiang made plain that there was a wish for a genuine dialogue and a need to build a working partnership between the two countries. President Bush's turn came yesterday when he delivered what must have been the most forthright message from a US leader speaking on Chinese soil. For many, Mr Bush's tone will be seen as arrogant, even while many of the same people will agree with the sentiments he expressed. Whatever else, it was a display of where Mr Bush's priorities and principles lie. Undoubtedly Mr Bush's references during his visit to the Taiwan Relations Act will not have pleased Beijing. Yet the Taiwan issue was never going to be resolved at this summit and Mr Bush was careful to counter the references with a restatement of his belief in 'one China'. Ultimately, the exercise was a public relations triumph for Beijing. While the President espoused the hope that freedom would come to China, here he was - like Bill Clinton before him - freely expressing his challenging views on national television. Mr Bush's flying the flag for US values was as much an exercise in pleasing his audience back home as any in China. And allowing Mr Bush to get his message across was the price Beijing was prepared to pay to build the foundations of a workable relationship. Simply having Mr Bush in China at this time, as WTO membership begins, as a new leadership hierarchy starts to form and as China comes ever more to the fore in world affairs, was of great significance to Beijing. To this end a welcome and wise quid pro quo understanding appears to have been forged.