Shanghai will start construction on a second terminal and runway for the Pudong International Airport next year in a bid to create a regional transport hub, officials said yesterday. The announcement came as the city moves all international flights, including those to and from Hong Kong and Macau, and some domestic flights, from the older Hongqiao Airport on October 27, a day earlier than originally announced. Wu Nianzu, vice-secretary general of the Shanghai government, said: 'We must concentrate our efforts to make Pudong an international hub. Competition among international aviation hubs is very fierce. There are some which have already outpaced Shanghai.' Shanghai opened the US$1.6 billion Pudong airport in 1999, but the distance from the city and lack of a rail link have made some airlines reluctant to make the switch from Hongqiao. A magnetic levitation rail link, scheduled for next year, should cut travel time on the 30km route to the airport.