A 'princeling' of the so-called red aristocracy identified with former premier Li Peng has replaced a fellow technocrat at the Central Organisation Department, the influential body behind party appointments. He Guoqiang, 59, was one of the few 'rising stars' handpicked to become a Central Committee alternate member at the 12th party congress in 1982 when they were still at their 30s. Reportedly the son of a general, he was already tipped as early as 1999 to make it to the Politburo at this year's 16th party congress. He is also a legislator and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Mr He replaces Zeng Qinghong, 63, who began his career as a technician at the army in 1963 and rose to become one of the most trusted associates of President Jiang Zemin. Both rising leaders have extensive grassroots experience. Mr He began his career as a technician at a Shandong chemical fertiliser plant in 1966. After a 14-year stint at the factory, where he rose to deputy general engineer, Mr He joined another petro-chemical firm in Shandong. In 1986, he was named deputy party boss at Jinan city in Shandong and later party boss of Jinan. Observers attribute his rise to his mentor, National People's Congress Vice-Chairman Jiang Chunyun, then Shandong's provincial party head. Mr He served as vice-minister of the State Chemical Industry from 1991 to 1996, when he was appointed as vice-governor of Fujian. He was promoted to governor following the Yuan Hua smuggling scandal. In 1999, he was appointed party secretary of Chongqing municipality where he remained until he assumed his current position. He was involved in pushing the government's 'go west' policy to develop the inner region. Like his successor's technocratic background, Mr Zeng spent 16 years with the army as a technician before joining the General Office of the State Planning and Development Commission as secretary in 1979. He joined the petrochemical sector in 1981, rising to party leadership at a state-run oil company before joining the Shanghai party committee in 1984. Mr Zeng then became a close aide of Mr Jiang, who was appointed Shanghai mayor in 1985. He served as deputy party boss in Shanghai between 1986 and 1989. In 1989, when Mr Jiang became president and party secretary-general, Mr Zeng was the only key Shanghai official who joined the central government - as deputy director of the General Office of the Communist Party's Central Committee. He was appointed an alternate member of the Politburo in 1997 and became chief of the party's Central Organisation Department in 1999. Graphic: HE25GFN Zeng Qinghong - The son of Zeng Shan, a pioneer of communist rule in eastern China, was born 1939 in Jian, Jiangxi province. - Graduated in July 1963 from the Automatic Control Department of the Beijing Industrial Institute. - Between 1979 and 1981, he worked as a secretary in the General Office of the State Planning Commission, and served as deputy division chief in the General Office of the State Energy Commission from 1981 to 1982. - Was made alternate member of the Central Committee in 1992 and awarded an alternate position in the Politburo in 1997. He also sits in on Standing Committee meetings. He Guoqiang - Born 1943 in Xiangxiang, Hunan province. - Graduated from the Beijing Institute of Chemical Technology in 1966. - From 1986 to 1991, he worked as a member of the Standing Committee of the Shandong Provincial Committee of the Communist Party and concurrently as deputy secretary and secretary of the Jinan City Committee. - Between 1996 and 1999, he worked as deputy secretary of the Fujian Provincial Committee, and vice-governor, acting governor and governor of Fujian province. - Since June 1999, Mr He has been serving as secretary of the Chongqing Municipal Committee.