BRAZIL's domestic shipping companies have started to expand and order new vessels to replace a largely obsolete 100-vessel, six million deadweight tonne (dwt) fleet. According to Forum - a publication of Det Norske Veritas, two of the leading operators serving northern Europe, Alianca and Transroll - are planning new container carriers. Alianca has two 2,000 TEU (20 ft equivalent units) vessels being built at CCN and Engenharia e Maquinas S.A. (EMAQ) for delivery this year. Transroll took delivery of two 2,233 TEU ships, Belatrix and Betelgeuse, to join the 1,250 TEU Independente and Intrepido which entered the company's transatlantic service in 1991. The CCN yard has a 1,100 TEU container ship under construction for Neptunia, while Frota Amazonica has ordered two 2,100 dwt multi-purpose cargo ships from EMAQ.