PAKISTAN'S new acting President, Wasim Sajjad, sworn in on July 19, has a long career in the public service and an excellent academic record. He was born on March 30, 1941, in Jalundher and graduated from Punjab University in 1961 with top honours in English. He gained honours in jurisprudence from Oxford University in 1966 and secured his bachelor of civil laws degree in 1967, later obtaining a master of arts degree. He is the only practising advocate in Pakistan who holds a bachelor of civil laws degree from Oxford. He was elected a member of the senate of Pakistan in 1985 in a professional capacity and was the minister for justice and parliamentary affairs from September 1986 to December 1988. He was elected senate chairman in 1988. Prime Minister Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi, who was sworn in as caretaker prime minister on July 19, served as an economist at home and abroad for the past 40 years. He was born on June 26, 1930, in Lahore and graduated from the government college, Lahore, in 1951. He pursued higher studies in the United States and, after returning home in 1953, Mr Qureshi served in various capacities on the planning board until 1958, when he joined the International Monetary Fund. He joined the International Finance Corp in 1970, rising to operational head. He later joined the World Bank but left the service in 1992 and established his own company, Emerging Markets Corp.