The 2003 Universiade ended with an almighty bang on Sunday night, when the closing extravaganza in the World Cup Stadium bade farewell to 11,000 participants from 174 countries. Prior to an extended fireworks display and a giant technology-fuelled party in the stadium, officials declared the 11-day Games a resounding success, and many promised to meet again at the next Universiade, set for 2005 in Izmir, Turkey. 'The wonderful people of Daegu have extended a warm and friendly welcome everywhere we went and we saw the future leaders of our world, in all their youthful exuberance, compete in both individual and team events,' said FISU (International University Sports Federation) president George Killian. 'We would like to thank the thousands of volunteers who have made this Universiade a success - let me simply say thank you Daegu, thank you Korea - see you all in Izmir in 2005,' he said. Organising committee president Cho Hae-nyung said the Universiade would be remembered as an event where barriers were overcome and the capabilities of South Korea's advanced technology were demonstrated. 'It was a festival for world youth and a place of reconciliation and co-operation between the two Koreas,' Cho said. 'The Universiade boosted the mood of reunification and peaceful co-existence. Cho said the impressive support of the omnipresent volunteers over the past two weeks was a key factor in the success. 'In the future, I expect voluntary supporters will be the core of international competitions the world over,' he said.