A report urging the central government to step up human rights protection and legal reforms is due to be released today by the US Congressional-Executive Commission on China. The report - a copy of which was posted on the commission's website yesterday - acknowledges efforts made by mainland leaders in incremental political reforms and building the strength and transparency of public institutions. 'The commission finds that human rights conditions in China have not improved overall in the past year,' the report says. 'The Chinese government continues to violate China's own constitution and laws and international norms and standards protecting human rights. 'The commission recognises that some developments are under way in China, particularly in the area of legal reform, that could provide the foundation for stronger protection of rights in the future. 'However, these changes have been incremental and their overall impact has been limited. Such limitations illustrate the complexity of the obstacles the Chinese people face in their continuing effort to build an accountable government that respects basic human rights and freedoms.' Chief among the commission's complaints against the central government are issues mentioned in previous years: regular arrests of peaceful protesters, workers' rights laws going unenforced, frequent discrimination against migrant workers, religious repression, and poor efforts to manage, control and educate the public about HIV/Aids. The commission makes a number of recommendations, including urging the US president and Congress to increase diplomatic efforts to improve human rights, reduce prison labour, encourage HIV/Aids prevention and control, encourage freedom of mobility of Chinese citizens, and encourage more religious freedom and freedom of the press.