BEIJING has deployed senior cadres from at least five departments in the Communist Party and the Government to crack down on corruption. A report in the Chinese-run Hong Kong daily, Wen Wei Po, says ''investigation work teams'' will be sent late next month to party and government units at the central and local levels. The results of the investigations would be made public. However, Chinese intellectuals have expressed fears that the corruption-fighting units lack independence and that the new approach to fighting graft would violate the principle of separation of party and government. According to Wen Wei Po, the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection (CCDI) and the Organisation Department of the party would be in charge of inspecting and supervising the ''cleanliness'' of top-level party and government units and their cadres. The Finance Ministry and the State Planning Commission will look into cases of cadres who make use of their powers to seek economic gains. And the Economic and Trade Commission mainly will be in charge of investigations into party and government units that run business entities on the side. From late next month, anti-graft investigation teams will be sent to party and government units and the regions. The units and provincial administrations must give an account of their anti-corruption efforts by the end of the year - as well as outline preventive measures for the future. Moreover, mid to senior-ranking cadres nationwide must exercise self-discipline and self-inspection. Before the end of October, they must surrender gifts, stocks and bonds and other advantages they have received in the course of their work. Chinese sources said that to placate popular anger at corruption, authorities were likely to announce the results of several big cases by the end of October. They said this was in accordance with instructions by President Jiang Zemin last month that ''a number of big offenders [in corruption] must be seized''. The sources said that in line with past political mass movements, individual departments and regional units might come up with impressive ''quotas'' of wrongdoers in order to satisfy central authorities. Beijing intellectuals have expressed fears that without an independent anti-corruption agency, offenders who are senior cadres or their offspring might not be brought to justice. A Beijing college professor said: ''Without supervision from non-party elements, it may be difficult for anti-graft teams to tackle culprits who have strong political connections.'' He also expressed doubts about the propriety of party organs like the CCDI checking on civil servants who were not party members. Liberal Chinese jurors have also suggested that the anti-graft operation be run by a judiciary that is independent of the party.