Unfair international economic order is to blame, says Foreign Ministry official Developed countries should do more to help other countries combat rampant people-smuggling and human-trafficking at regional and international levels, a senior Chinese official has urged. Li Baodong , director of the Foreign Ministry's department of international organisations and conferences, said the unfair international economic order and irrational migration policies were the root causes of illegal migration in a time of globalisation. 'Irregular migration such as people-smuggling and human-trafficking ... has a negative impact on social-economic development and undermines social order and security,' he said. 'The developed countries need to provide technical and financial support for the developing countries to enhance their capacity to combat irregular migration.' People-smuggling refers to those who, in return for payment, smuggle illegal immigrants across borders. Human-trafficking refers to people who have been smuggled across borders against their will. Mr Li made his remarks at the opening ceremony of the Berne Initiative Regional Consultations for Asia, organised by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in Guilin , Guangxi , last week. About 100 delegates representing 30 countries and regions in east, south and Southeast Asia took part, Xinhua reported. The involvement of transnational criminal organisations and the using of fake passports in people-smuggling and human-trafficking were features of current illegal migration, Mr Li noted. He suggested channels for legal migration should be widened to eliminate the root causes of illegal migration, adding a new world order was needed to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor. Countries should not let political factors and the abuse of asylum policies hinder international co-operation, he urged. The mainland government was firmly opposed to illegal migration and had achieved remarkable results in the fight against the transnational organised crimes such as people-smuggling and human-trafficking, he said. Last year, mainland customs police found nearly 7,000 smugglers and arrested 230 organisers of people-smuggling, Xinhua said. 'China has developed fruitful co-operation with more than 40 countries by enhancing co-ordination and communication in counter-smuggling and concluding repatriation treaties,' Mr Li said. IOM director-general Brunson McKinley praised China for its contribution in the international fight against illegal migration during his opening address, according to a separate Xinhua report. 'China is playing an increasingly significant role on the international migration issue.' The Berne Initiative is an inter-governmental consultative process, with the goal of better management of migration.