From the South China Morning Post this week in 1961 John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 43, the youngest man and first Catholic elected president of the United States, took the oath of office on a freezing day in Washington. In his inaugural address, he called on the world to begin a new quest for peace to save mankind from its 'final war'. He pledged America's loyalty to allies, help the needy nations and dedication to the common cause of all who loved freedom. He put would-be adversaries on guard when he said: 'Let every nation know, whether it wish us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend or oppose any foe in order to assure the survival and success of liberty.' Then on a more conciliatory note, he went on: 'Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.' Bitter winter conditions prevented some from attending the ceremony, but failed to throw a dampener on the celebrations. The British government was to spend #8 million on army facilities in Hong Kong, secretary of state for war John Profumo announced. The money was to be spent over eight years on the reconstruction of barracks, modernising of existing married quarters and construction of new ones. Before leaving on a visit to Nepal, the secretary said Britain had no intention of making drastic cuts to its forces in Hong Kong. He was on a visit to the Far East to get first-hand information on the various activities of British troops in the area. Novice jockey, J.S.C. Neel died of injuries sustained when his horse fell during the Repulse Bay Handicap, the first race on the first day of the Royal Hongkong Jockey Club's seventh race meeting. He was riding his own horse, Famoran, which was in the middle of the field when the accident occurred. The horse was destroyed shortly afterwards because it had broken a fetlock. Two other horses - Phillipe's Pride and Spring Tide, unable to avoid the fallen rider and horse - were also brought down. Three American scientists kept a dog alive for 14 hours by means of a plastic mechanical heart placed on the operating table beside it. With the artificial heart connected, the dog was able to bark, drink and raise its ears when it heard its name. It died later of undetermined causes. The head of the University of Illinois' biophysics laboratory said the experiment might lead to the manufacture of mechanical hearts for patients suffering from incurable heart disease. Hundreds of Macau residents were crossing the border at the Portas do Cerco (border gate) daily to make a short trip to the nearest revenue and post office, at Saam Chong, to post food parcels to their relatives in other parts of China. The Chinese authorities put no obstacles in the way of the Macau residents, who only needed to show their residents cards. The advantages included the much cheaper cost and the willingness of the Chinese post office to accept perishable goods. A total of 45 refugees arrived in Macau from the mainland on board a motor junk that ordinarily carried night soil. Unlike previous groups, the refugees were not destitute people, and most checked into hotels. They did not seek relief from local refugee organisations. Lance Corporal Peter Rull of the Home Guard (RHKDF), and Colony representative at the Rome Olympic Games, won the coveted Governor's Shield as the best rifle shot in the colony on the last day of the Hongkong Rifle Association's annual Bisley competition. It was held for the first time at the Sai Wan rifle range near Fanling. Rull scored a total of 529 points. Lieutenant-Commander A.N. Robinson, RN, was runner-up with a score of 522, followed by Major J.H. Smith, REME, with 519 points.