As world leaders gather at death camp, Germans ponder how to ensure horrors of the Holocaust are not forgotten Sixty years after the liberation of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz, Germany is working to keep memories of the darkest chapter of its history from fading at a time of rising anti-Semitism in Europe. World leaders and Holocaust survivors will gather at the camp in Poland today to remember the magnitude of Adolph Hitler's attempt to exterminate Europe's Jews during the second world war. Auschwitz, liberated on January 27, 1945, by the Soviet army, was left to stand as a stark warning to future generations against the evils of intolerance and hatred. More than a million people died in the camp's gas chambers or from overwork, malnutrition and disease. Only a few thousand survived. Speaking at the United Nations General Assembly's first special session commemorating Holocaust Memorial Day on Monday, German Foreign Minster Joschka Fischer called Auschwitz 'an eternal symbol for the disregard for human life and genocide in the history of humanity and my nation'. Few countries have been so confronted with the darker aspects of their past as Germany. The Third Reich's horrific crimes are constantly examined on television, in print and at ritualised memorials for the victims. A massive monument dedicated to the estimated 6 million Jews killed by the Nazis will open in the heart of Berlin in May. But some Germans fear as the number of witnesses to the Nazi genocide dwindles, the most important lessons from the Holocaust will go unheeded. Particularly worrying is the rise in anti-Semitic incidents and extreme-right political parties across the European Union in recent years. The president of the German Jewish Council, Paul Spiegel, warned that more emphasis needed to be placed on making those lessons relevant to Europe's youth. 'We have to come up with another form of remembrance, especially for younger people,' he said. 'It's not about placing blame. It's not about responsibility for what's happened, but rather for the present and the future.' Jakob Schulze-Rohr, who belongs to the foundation behind the Berlin Holocaust memorial, agreed efforts should not be focused exclusively on dealing with the past. 'Germany has accepted its guilt, Nowhere else would you see such a memorial right in the centre of the capital,' Mr Schulze-Rohr said, pointing out how the monument is right next to Berlin's Brandenburg Gate and the German parliament building, the Reichstag. 'But anti-Semitism is still a problem in Europe, whether it's the simple insensitivity of Britain's Prince Harry wearing a swastika or right-wing extremists in German state assemblies playing down the Holocaust.' The foundation Mr Schulze-Rohr's works for has set up a programme that trains teachers to be better equipped to discuss anti-Semitism in the country's classrooms. Other organisations hope new interactive technology at museums and concentration camps will reach younger Germans.