1 General Hideki Tojo (1884-1948), right. Considered by some to be Japan's most notorious war criminal. He was premier of Japan for most of the war and assumed full responsibility for his country's actions 2 Koki Hirota (1878-1948). Foreign minister during the Rape of Nanking. He was a key figure in planning the war against China and Southeast Asia 3 General Kenji Doihara (1883-1948). Commanded Japanese troops during the invasion and occupation of China and later ran prisoner-of-war camps in Malaysia and Indonesia 4 General Seishiro Itagaki (1885-1948). Commanded troops in China, Korea and Singapore. Soldiers under his command committed atrocities against civilians 5 General Heitaro Kimura (1888-1948). Helped plan the war against China. He was the military commander in Burma when slave labour was used to build the Siam-Burma Railway 6 General Iwane Matsui (1878-1948). Commander of the forces in China during the late 1930s. Troops under his command were responsible for the Rape of Nanking and other atrocities 7 General Akira Muto (1892-1948). Troops under his command took part in both the Rape of Nanking and the Rape of Manila 8 Kiichiro Hiranuma (1867-1952). A government minister for two decades and founder of the militaristic Kokuhonsha society. He was convicted for his role in Japan's attacks on its neighbours 9 General Kuniaki Koiso (1880-1950). Known as 'the Tiger of Korea' because of his brutality. As premier, he was aware of POW death camps 10 Toshio Shiratori (1887-1949). Director of the Information Bureau of the Foreign Ministry and a supporter of military expansion. He was convicted for his role in Japan's attacks on its neighbours 11 General Yoshijiro Umezu (1882-1949). Commanded troops in Guangdong and advocated a fight to the finish late in the war. He was convicted for his role in Japan's attacks on China, the US and other countries 12 General Hideki Togo (1884-1948). Diplomat and government minister. He was convicted for his role in Japan's attacks on China, the US and other countries 13 Admiral Osami Nagano (1880 -1947). Leader of the Japanese navy, he took responsibility for the attack on Pearl Harbour. He died of a heart attack while on trial 14 Yosuke Matsuoka (1880-1946). Foreign minister and advocate of Japan's alliance with the fascist powers during the war. He died of tuberculosis in a US military hospital.