Beijing has formalised its policy towards Taiwan in five guidelines issued to local departments in charge of cross-strait affairs. Under the objective of winning over the hearts and minds of the Taiwanese people and improving ties, the guidelines require the mainland to strive to regain the initiative in its exchanges with the island, sources have revealed. Priority should be given to the effectiveness of Taiwan policies and to the use of legislation and legal means to achieve those policies. The fourth principle stipulates a shift in focus from unification to anti-independence and abandoning the 'one country, two systems' principle for the island. The fifth says Beijing should make full use of international factors in mapping out its Taiwan policy. A source said elements of the guidelines had been incorporated into the recent Taiwan policy under the leadership of President Hu Jintao. They were codified to ensure implementation at all levels of Taiwan affairs bodies. The guidelines were issued in the form of a circular shortly before Kuomintang chairman Lien Chan's historic mainland visit, which ended last week. In line with the spirit of the guidelines, Beijing has offered to let mainland tourists travel to Taiwan and to grant 10 types of fruit tariff-free access to mainland markets, and offered to help the island participate in international bodies such as the World Health Organisation. More initiatives would be offered to visiting People First Party leader James Soong Chu-yu in Beijing this week, a source said. The source said the guidelines aimed to encourage Taiwan affairs departments and government think-tanks to create new policy proposals as the central leadership prepared to launch offensives to force Taiwan's ruling pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party back to the negotiating table. Beijing has been short of policy initiatives since it suspended semi-official contacts with Taipei in 1995 due to a lack of trust in former Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui and his successor, Chen Shui-bian. The new guidelines indicate Beijing's readiness to deal with Mr Chen.