A US think-tank has issued a damning report criticising the recent chief executive poll as a non-election. The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs said the secret ballot to choose the city's leader had been replaced by open nomination. But the limited public participation in the electoral process has already spurred growing sentiments for reform, according to the institute. 'The electoral process, which unfolded under the watchful eye of Beijing, was not one that would have been recognised as democratic in much of the world,' the report said. 'Donald Tsang is a moderate and is mindful of Beijing concerns. Few anticipate he will push for major changes.' The 23-page report entitled 'The Promise of Democratisation in Hong Kong', noted that as in the re-election of his predecessor in 2002, Mr Tsang scooped most of the nominations and won uncontested without a vote. 'Despite all the campaigning, the 2005 election, as in 2002, was another non-election,' it said. 'The open nomination process can replace the election itself, without the need to hold an election by secret ballot on a sole nominee.' The 796-member Election Committee was also criticised as a distorted representation of the community. It represents only 0.02 per cent of the eligible voting population, the institute noted. Despite the shortcomings, the think-tank believed the polls had increased the momentum for electoral change in 2007. 'The electoral process remains uncompetitive and participation in the process is still very severely limited. However, the election spurred the already growing public sentiment for reform,' it said. The document is the 10th of a series tracking Hong Kong's move towards democracy since the handover.