But blueprint fails to address growing discontent, says analyst The Communist Party's pledges to create a 'harmonious society' and achieve sustainable growth have been greeted with caution by analysts in Beijing. When the fifth plenum of the 16th Central Committee wrapped up a four-day closed-door meeting on Tuesday, it approved a five-year economic blueprint that would change the mainland's development model. The plan is to shift the focus to building a harmonious society, to better address concerns over a yawning wealth gap. Mao Yushi, who heads the non-government Unirule Institute of Economics, said the government would not achieve its goal unless significant progress was made institutionalising the rule of law. Professor Mao said social discontent was growing as fast as the red-hot economy because of increasing miscarriages of justice and widespread infringement of rights. 'The problem is not that we haven't created enough wealth, but that such benefits and legal interests of citizens have been infringed by officials,' he said. Professor Mao said he had not noticed the government making any serious efforts to enshrine the rule of law in the draft of the five-year programme. In recent years, an increasing number of mainlanders have complained of corruption, land confiscation and other miscarriages of justice due to quick development after the economic boom. There have been thousands of organised mass protests, some of which have developed into riots. The communique issued at the end of the plenum said China faced a 'crucial period in the next five years', a time when 'the whole country should intensify an awareness of our problems'. An official report said the country was now facing an amber light because of its widening income gap. It warned that it would change to a red light after 2010 if no effective solution was found. The new road map will abandon a long-standing policy of faster growth in favour of sustainable and balanced development. It also endorses a policy shift towards 'green GDP' aimed at curbing environmental devastation. An environmental expert warned pollution had become an economic bottleneck, hurting prospects for sustainable growth. 'The problem is not just that we have consumed too much, but also that we have polluted the environment,' said UN adviser Gao Zhong . Mr Gao said the mainland consumed 12 per cent of the world's energy, 15 per cent of its fresh water, 28 per cent of its steel and 50 per cent of its cement last year. However, its share of global gross domestic product was just 4 per cent in the same period. He added that the mainland contained less than 7 per cent of the world's fresh water, and two thirds of its rivers and lakes were seriously polluted.