The mounting number of homegrown suicide bombers has prompted the Indonesian government to enlist the country's mainstream Muslim leaders in a project that aims to explain the true meaning of jihad, or holy war. The move has been welcomed by most analysts, but some doubt whether the ulemas - Islamic religious leaders - will be able to reach the radical fringes. 'The radicals were not listening to them [the ulemas] before and I doubt they will do it now,' said Ken Conboy, author of The Second Front: Inside Asia's Most Dangerous Terrorist Network, a book that traces the origins of Jemaah Islamiah. The 'taskforce against terrorism', as the group of religious leaders has been called, consists of scholars as well as top members of the Indonesia Ulema Council and the country's two largest Islamic organisations - the Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah - which can count on a combined membership of some 70 million people. For most Muslim scholars, jihad is mainly an inward struggle to better oneself. 'Jihad is justified only when Muslims are subjugated in their own country and stripped of their own rights, like in Palestine,' said Ahmad Najib Burhani, lecturer of theology and philosophy at the Islamic State University in Jakarta.