Common cognitive distortions include: - 'All or nothing' thinking - Overgeneralisation Seeing a single negative event as a never-ending pattern. - Mental filter Disqualifying the positive, and jumping to conclusions (reaching negative interpretations without having the facts to support them). - Magnification or minimisation Whereby you exaggerate the importance of your mistakes or someone else's achievements, or you inappropriately play down your good points or someone else's imperfections. - Emotional reasoning 'I feel it, therefore it must be so'. - 'Should' statements Trying to motivate yourself with 'should' (and also 'shouldn't'), which results in guilt and rebellion. - Labelling and mislabelling Describing yourself - and sometimes others - as 'a loser'. - Personalisation Seeing yourself as the cause of some negative event for which you weren't primarily responsible.