Planning a presentation or talk is like building a house. Without the initial blueprints or plans, there can be no house. Without a solid framework for the structure, the house, like a presentation, cannot be built without major problems occurring. Without clear planning or preparation, you may find yourself going round in circles with your ideas in a mess. Your house, like the presentation, may become unstable and your ideas shaky because of poor groundwork; if you do not follow your plans step by step, you may end up off course and confused (not to mention your audience as well). Therefore, spending time on planning and preparation is a must. The Research Phase You need to do your research first. This means spending time collecting and investigating the facts and gathering background information about your topic. You may need to spend some time brainstorming ideas, doing research and searching for information (in the library, on the internet etc). At this stage you need to ask yourself what the argument and purpose of your presentation is to inform, persuade, argue etc. Example: Topic: Smoking Background: Smoking is the inhaling and exhaling tobacco fumes ... Research: Research has proven that smoking is not only a health risk but is highly addictive ... Argument: Good or bad? Bad because of the many health risks ... Purpose: Persuade my audience against smoking. Here, you should identify your audience and what they will gain from listening to your presentation. Audience: Fellow classmates/ teenagers/ don't start smoking The Structure Next, you should structure and arrange your thoughts and ideas carefully. Include in the structure outline of your speech these three key elements - beginning, middle, and end. Outline Beginning: Smoking - a history Middle: 1. Health effects 2. Quitting smoking 3. Anti-smoking End: Smoking nowadays By ordering your information, you are making sure each point in your outline is linked clearly and logically. The Planning Phase Your talk should be easy for yourself and your audience to follow and understand. In your introduction give a brief summary of the information researched and include the main points you will discuss in your talk and a thesis statement. A thesis statement tells your audience exactly what you are going to do in your talk. Everything you include in your presentation should support this thesis statement Next, identify and develop each main point. Remember, your points should flow on from one another and each point should be supported with your research. Introduction Thesis statement: I will argue that smoking greatly affects not only your health and well being but the health of those around you(1) and how recent social trends are encouraging smokers to quit(2) through anti-smoking campaigns (3). Supporting research: 1. United States surgeon general's report 2. World Health Organisation 3. Federal law banning smoking in the United States Conclusion: A final summary of your ideas and viewpoint should be included in your conclusion. Activity Choose a topic. Then use the guidelines and questions given to structure your talk. marriage, children or homework Guidelines Questions Research Topic or Question The topic of my presentation is? Background information Purpose Inform, argue, persuade, convince etc? The purpose of this speech is? Audience Who is my audience? Does my topic relate to my audience? Audience's main interest in this topic is? Outline Topic or Research Beginning - Middle - End Introduction A summary/ overview; Thesis statement; What am I going to talk about? Main Points What are my main points? Do my points flow from one another? Supporting Information Support main points; Examples, definitions, facts etc Conclusion Final summary; What is my viewpoint?