THE Ngong Ping Buddha is the first large-scale Chinese bronze statue of Buddha to be built in more than 1,000 years. Many Buddhist bronzes were cast during the Six Dynasties period in the sixth and seventh centuries AD, but they were melted down in the great persecution of 845. The technique was transferred to Japan, where two giant bronzes stand to this day. They are: Daibutsu (Great Buddha) in Nara: 16.2-metre-high bronze statue weighing 445 tonnes. Designed by a Korean artist and cast in 749. Both hands have since been replaced and the head restored in 1692. Daibutsu in Kamakura: 11.4-metre-high bronze statue weighing 120 tonnes. Cast by Ono Goroemon in 1252. The following are major Buddhas or other statues in the world: Leshan Dafo in Leshan, Sichuan, China: 71-metre-high image of Buddha cut out of a cliff face. Begun in 713, completed in 803. Recumbent Buddha at Bamiyan, Afghanistan: 305 metres long, built of plastered rubble in Third or Fourth Century AD. The Motherland statue, Mamayev Hill, Volgograd, Russia: 82.30 metres from its base to the tip of a sword clenched in her right hand. Made of pre-stressed concrete. Designed by Yevgeny Vuchetich to commemorate victory in the Battle of Stalingrad. Statue of Liberty, New York, US: 46.05 metres from her sandals to top of her torch. Made of sheets of copper over a framework of iron, weighing 204 tonnes. Presented to the United States as a gift from the people of France in 1884. Mount Rushmore, South Dakota, US: heads of four US presidents carved in granite 18 metres high. Completed in 1941.