The world's first partial face transplant on a living human was carried out on Isaballe Dinoire (above) on November 27, 2005. The French woman required the treatment after her dog mauled her six months earlier. Before the operation, she could barely eat or speak but after the operation, she could do both - and even smile. The team of French surgeons who performed the operation grafted a triangle of face tissue including a brain-dead human's nose and mouth onto Dinoire. Discussion point What do you think about cosmetic surgery? Enquiries Why has there been an increased demand for such surgery? What are the dangers? Does the notion of beauty vary between cultures?