Hong Kong will never attain universal suffrage by 2012 or even by 2022 if the public does not fight for it proactively, exiled Tiananmen Square student leader Wang Dan warned. While saying he was optimistic that democracy would come to China one day, Mr Wang said the new generation of state leaders was making 'political shows', raising people's hopes that they are more liberal-minded. On the Democratic Party's internet radio, Mr Wang, who is conducting research at Harvard University in the US, urged people in Hong Kong to fight for universal suffrage. 'I believe if we are to persevere in defending democracy in Hong Kong, we have to break the fear in our hearts,' Mr Wang, who referred to political pressure against the introduction of universal suffrage by 2012, said in a letter as an introduction to the interview. 'If people in Hong Kong do not fight for it proactively, I think it will be difficult to realise dual-universal suffrage not only in 2012, but 2022. This is very simple because if Hong Kong people do not proactively fight for it, what grounds would the Chinese government have to initiate the implementation of this right?' Ahead of the 18th anniversary of the crackdown by the central government on pro-democracy activists in Beijing on June 4, 1989, Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong chairman Ma Lik stirred controversy earlier this month when he said Hong Kong would not be ready for universal suffrage until 2022 because people were not patriotic enough. Mr Ma also claimed the crackdown was 'not a massacre', while suggesting pigs be thrown under tanks to see whether they would become 'minced meat'. Mr Wang urged the public to 'come out' to remember the truth of June 4. Activists expect a high turnout for the annual candle-light vigil in Victoria Park on Monday to commemorate the event. Asked to evaluate state leaders, including Premier Wen Jiabao who accompanied late Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang to visit students in Tiananmen, Mr Wang said they had brought no progress in democratic reform despite hopes they would be more liberal-minded. 'Wen Jiabao's image of being close to the people has shown the new generation of leaders has learned more from the last generation - it is what we call staging political shows.'