A secondary school in Fanling which accepts many students from disadvantaged families is pioneering the use of humanistic psychology to raise educational standards. The CCC Kei San Secondary School uses the ideas of American psychologist Carl Rogers, one of the founding fathers of humanistic psychology, in areas such as raising standards, improving behaviour and training teachers. Rogers developed a person-centred system of psychotherapy, in which the client is meant to direct their own healing process. He became renowned for his concept of 'unconditional positive regard' as the environmental key to successful development of the self in childhood. Kei San principal Joyce Kwok Yin-mei, a trained counsellor, said: 'I use many techniques from Carl Rogers' client-centred therapy to run my school. I use counselling to handle cases concerning teachers as well as students and we have policies to boost students' self-esteem.' Ms Kwok said the school had been using the approach for 15 years and had gained high scores in a government measure of the value schools add to students' performance. About 40 per cent of the school's students were from families on Comprehensive Social Security Assistance. The school's scores had reached the top three tiers of the nine-level value-added tables for the past nine years, she said. The value-added tables, compiled by the Education Bureau, compare students' latest test results with predicted performance based on their scores when they entered the school. Vice-principal Ip Che-ho said building good relationships between teachers and students, whole-class behaviour contests, and peer counselling were key school policies that used techniques from humanistic psychology. 'We think that mutual trust and good relationships between teachers and students is the most important ingredient in educational success,' he said. 'We ask each teacher to have a casual talk with at least 20 students every year to build up good school relationships.' Every class was given a daily mark for the behaviour of its students in areas such as punctuality, attentiveness and tidiness that went towards an annual contest. The winning class won a free weekend camping trip. Form Six students were paired with students with special educational needs to counsel them on educational and social problems. Form Six student Katy Leung Yee-ka joined Kei San a year ago to take her A-levels. 'Kei San teachers don't only teach students about knowledge in books but they prepare us to be good members of society,' she said. 'They care about students' personal development.'