Poor policies are partly to blame for former Guangdong party secretary Zhang Dejiang's failure to be promoted at the Communist Party's 17th National Congress in October, a political analyst says. The insider said Mr Zhang, who was appointed Guangdong party secretary in 2002 and replaced by former Chongqing party chief Wang Yang last month, lost points in two areas. The first was the pan-Pearl River Delta project launched by Mr Zhang in late 2003. He called on eight provinces and one autonomous region to create a hinterland for Guangdong's growth, and on Hong Kong and Macau to give the group access to international markets. But the other partners gained almost nothing from the project. 'Some provinces said Mr Zhang was using the project ... to become king of south China,' the analyst said. He said Mr Zhang was also criticised for labelling Guangdong the 'leader' on the mainland: 'They questioned whether Guangdong had done everything perfectly.' He said Mr Wang was facing tougher challenges than those confronting Mr Zhang five years ago.