Word power Match the words on the left with their meanings on the right. 1 brandishes 2 ammunition 3 backlash 4 bold 5 outrageous 6 notorious a. immoral, shocking b. well-known for some bad quality or deed c. extreme or often violent reaction to events d. courageous, brave e. supply of bullets, bombs and grenades f. waves something in a triumphant or threatening way Fill in the blanks with the words you have learned. 7 His beating of his wife is __________________. He should be sent to jail for that. 8 According to legend, King Arthur is a __________________ warrior who never flinched from danger on the battlefield. 9 Without much time for preparations, they had to face the enemies' attack with very little __________________. 10 At the demonstration against low pay and poor working conditions, the protester __________________a placard asking for equal treatment for labourers. 11 China is __________________for its poor animal rights record. 12 The coup by the military to overthrow the democratically elected government in Thailand was followed by strong __________________ in the international community. Language focus The use of passive voice The passive voice is used when the focus of a sentence is on the person or thing affected by an action. Below is an example from the passage. This media outrage is seen by some animal welfare officials as an encouraging sign that the mainland public is getting behind the idea of protecting wildlife. Change the following sentences from the active form to the passive form. 13 Bob broke my vase last night. ____________________________________________________________________________ 14 The police used force to disperse the protesters. ____________________________________________________________________________ 15 Tom picked up the leaflet from the ground. ____________________________________________________________________________ Enquiry What do you think about shooting animals for sport? Think about What has prompted the increasing awareness of animal rights on the mainland? Are animal rights protected by law on the mainland? Web links www.petatv.com - online animal rights TV www.spca.org.hk - Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Hong Kong Answers 1. f; 2. e; 3. c; 4. d; 5. a; 6. b; 7. outrageous; 8. bold; 9. ammunition; 10. brandishes; 11. notorious; 12. backlash; 13. My vase was broken by Bob last night. 14. Force was used by the police to disperse the protesters. 15. The leaflet was picked up from the ground by Tom.