Word Power Match the following words with their meanings below 1 scuffles 2 besieged 3 excoriated 4 wrath 5 nascent a beginning to exist, not yet fully developed b surrounded by large numbers c short and not very violent fights and struggles d severely criticised e anger Fill in the blanks with the words you have learned 6 The public screening of the anti-Christ film has incurred the _________________________ of the church-goers. 7 More resources should be set aside to develop the country's _________________________ gaming industry. 8 The student was _________________________ for copying his classmate's homework. 9 With the soldiers advancing from all directions, the battalion was ___________________ and soon surrendered. 10 Frequent _________________________ broke out between police and street demonstrators in the Philippines. Language Focus The use of 'instead of' 'Instead of' is a conjunction which combines two sentences, with one being negative and the other stating the reasons for the negative action. Below is an example from the passage. Eg. Instead of risking the wrath of mainland and hindering trade with the fourth-largest economy in the world, the Taiwanese public have become more pragmatic in their pursuit of a national identity ... Combine the following sentences as shown in the example. Eg. We did not go to Ocean Park. We went to Disneyland. Instead of going to Ocean Park, we went to Disneyland. 11 I didn't go to the polling station to vote. I went to see a movie with my friend. _______________________________________________________________________ 12 Tom did not ask his parents for financial support. He found a part-time job to pay for his tuition fees. _______________________________________________________________________ Think about 1 Who do you think will win the presidential election in March, the KMT or the DDP? Why? 2 Tainted by corruption and vote-rigging scandals, the government in Taiwan is an example of a failed democracy, some critics say. Do you agree? 3 With the exception of Taiwan, which countries in Asia enjoy a democratic political system? How does the democratic system compare with the government in Hong Kong? Answers 1. c, 2. b, 3. d, 4. e, 5. a, 6. wrath, 7. nascent, 8. excoriated, 9. besieged, 10. scuffles, 11. Instead of going to the polling station to vote, I went to see a movie with my friend. 12. Instead of asking his parents for financial support, Tom found a part-time job to pay for his tuition fees.