A survey in a major mainland newspaper that found 90 per cent of Chinese people viewed India as a threat has been roundly criticised by experts on Sino-Indian affairs. The Global Times, a tabloid that is part of the People's Daily group, last Friday published a survey that found 74 per cent of respondents were against maintaining friendly relations with India. It said 90 per cent viewed the country as a threat to national security and 65 per cent believed New Delhi's decision to deploy additional troops and fighter jets on the disputed border was straining bilateral ties, and could prove more harmful to India than China. C.V. Ranganathan, India's ambassador to China from 1987 to 1991, said there were concerns about the reliability of the survey, and the results did not reflect the realities of New Delhi's military strategy and its relationship with Beijing. The newspaper 'should have revealed the sample size of its survey and whether it was conducted in Beijing or in rural areas', Mr Ranganathan said. 'Maybe younger Chinese are getting more nationalistic than their elders. They might view the world through a different prism and have a subjective opinion on various militaristic threats to China. 'India is taking long-overdue defensive measures and they are not primarily aimed at China. There are unstable nations close to the India-China border that India must guard adequately against.' Retired general Deepankar Banerjee, a strategic analyst at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, said: 'I have visited China 20 times since 1991 and interacted closely with China's strategic community and think-tanks, but have never come across such an outlandish outpouring against India. 'I don't think the findings reflect the reality in China. The survey has been definitely engineered by the Communist Party ... to build public opinion against India. Although there are some anxieties in China, the findings cannot reflect the sentiments of the common man or the government of China,' he said. Subhash Kapila, a foreign-policy and strategic analyst at the South Asia Analysis Group, said the findings had been published to put pressure on New Delhi ahead of a meeting this week between President Hu Jintao and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Russia. 'My views may sound hawkish, but India must zero in on counter-pressure points to send a message to China that India, too, can play the game. Growing trade ties are creating an illusion of normality and bonhomie. But the Global Times - as a Communist Party tool - has revealed that the party is implacably and pathologically anti-India.'