Students lied in court out of blind loyalty to their popular English language tutor Karson Oten Fan Karno, who was ordered to pay HK$8.88 million in damages for breaking a contract. The teacher, known as K Oten who had been so popular he once commanded a following of 7,000 pupils a month, was also criticised for using vulgar language that teenagers should not be encouraged to use. Mr Justice Anthony To Kwai-fung yesterday gave his judgment in the Court of First Instance on the high-profile lawsuit between Mr Fan and the King's Glory Education Centre. The deputy judge ordered Mr Fan to pay HK$8.88 million in damages to King's Glory for his repeated breaches of their contract terms since November 2004 before he left the school in May 2006. Mr Justice To found four of the students, some of whom are now at university, lied when they testified for Mr Fan in relation to the subsequent arrangement of refunds and the switching of classes at King's Glory after the teacher left. Their evidence alleged the school had engineered a scheme to persuade students to switch classes and had forged their signatures on receipts. The judge rejected the allegations and found them 'too far reaching to be a real possibility'. 'But regrettably I find that in blind loyalty they chose to betray their sense of fairness and social conscience to give false evidence in support of their respected tutor,' Mr Justice To said. Mr Fan was also criticised for the use of vulgar language in lecture notes that he distributed in October 2005 to students of one Form Five English course for the purpose of criticising a colleague, the judgment said. But Mr Fan had disagreed at the trial that they were abusive and vulgar Chinese expressions, contending that they were taken from Chinese literature, some of them were standard texts used by students in Hong Kong. Dismissing the arguments, the deputy judge said: 'I lament the deplorable fact that some trendy slang found its way into the teaching or public examination materials for Chinese language. But that does not mean a few 'trendy' officers of the [education authorities] are to set our standard of common decency.' Concerning the vulgar notes, Mr Justice To said students would be misled into adopting such a low standard of decency which he found improper for their station in life and the notes were not educational. 'Parents who pay many times the regular school fees to send their children to tutorial schools would not expect their children to be taught such inappropriate language,' he said, stressing that Mr Fan taught English language not 'contemporary trendy dirty Chinese slang'. Mr Fan, who joined King's Glory in 2002, was found to have broken the contract by collecting students' personal data, publishing advertisements with misleading claims, showing students the marking scheme of examinations and teaching online classes without the school's consent. The tutor, who is teaching at Modern Education, had further breached the contract by taking a job at another tutorial school within a year after leaving King's Glory. King's Glory terminated the contract, which was signed in 2003, in April 2006 on the grounds that Mr Fan's conduct had amounted to a repudiation of the contract. Mr Justice To also found that Mr Fan was not a credible witness, and he was recalcitrant and unwilling to admit wrongdoing. He concocted and exaggerated evidence, and acted in bad faith during the litigation, the judge found.