Who? French President Nicholas Sarkozy was elected in May 2007. He was elected for reviving the French economy, increasing racial tolerance and improving France's relations with Britain and the United States, while maintaining good relations with the rest Europe. What? Last week's elections left Sarkozy's party in charge of only one of the 22 regions of mainland France. He announced a government reshuffle, as teachers, train drivers and civil servants went on strike. When? The vote that put the opposition Socialists in control of most of France took place on Sunday. On Tuesday, striking workers in key public sectors brought much of the country to standstill. Where? President Sarkozy's UMP party now has control of only one region in mainland France - Alsace, which is known for its right-wing politics. Why? Despite Sarkozy's election pledge to get France 'back to work', last year's recession has driven unemployment up to 10 per cent. France's unions and many ordinary people are frustrated and are protesting against unemployment, low wages, high costs of living and plans to change the pension system. How? Fallout from the financial crisis has left France with high levels of public debt, falling exports and rising unemployment. Efforts by Sarkozy's government to do something about this have not solved any problems.