DOCTORS wanting to carry out organ transplants will have to give details to a government-appointed panel after legislation is approved in October. The information to be handed to the new Human Organ Transplant Board will include a description of the organ to be transplanted, including the name, age and sex of the donor and the date and time of removal of the organ. A certificate issued by authorities recognised by the government of the country from which the organ has come must also be obtained. The board would have the right to refuse the transplant if it was not satisfied the donor had properly consented to the removal of organ without payment, and was aware of the medical procedure and risks involved. The board will have a chairman and members will include registered medical practitioners, a social worker, a legally trained person and a layman. Commercial trade in organs will be banned, as well as their removal without due process of law. The law was drawn up after concerns that organs, especially kidneys, were being removed from executed prisoners in China and used for operations in Hong Kong. There were also worries about the safety of corneas brought in from the subcontinent, and ethical concerns about Hong Kong prisoners hanged in Singapore donating their organs for use in the territory. The criteria set by the board would be introduced to the Legislative Council in the form of subsidiary legislation. The council could make amendments within 28 days. Anyone performing a transplant operation without submitting information to the board would commit a criminal offence. First offenders will be subject to a maximum fine of $50,000 and three months in jail. For subsequent convictions, the fine is increased to $25,000 to $100,000 and imprisonment of one year. The members of the board will be appointed by the Governor after the legislation is passed. The minimum age of donors will remain at 18, or 16 for a married person, despite repeated calls from doctors in the ad hoc group that the age should be lowered, since organs from younger donors tended to transplant more successfully. Principal Assistant Secretary for Health and Welfare, Derek Gould, said the final consensus was a good balance. ''It is difficult to balance the need for legislative control to avoid commercial transaction of human organs and at the same time not prevent the operation from taking place at all,'' he said. Explaining why the bill took two years to scrutinise, Mr Gould said the Government spent a year writing to overseas governments and world health organisations finding out information to satisfy legislators' inquiries.