The University of Hong Kong (HKU) retained its position as Asia's highest-ranking university in the latest Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings. HKU was 22nd, with Chinese University and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) ranked 37th and 40th, respectively. HKUST was named the best school in Asia in the same research firm's Asian survey in May. QS researchers said the global survey focused more on reputation. They warned that HKU was weak in research output - the university ranked 172 in that category. John Spinks, senior adviser to HKU's vice-chancellor, said it was not surprising that the number of citations per faculty member had decreased, as the university had been hiring new staff in anticipation of more students next year under the new four-year undergraduate system. He said many faculty members were young and had not yet built up research reputations. A spokeswoman for HKUST said the university is proud of its achievements in the past 20 years and will continue to strive for teaching and research excellence. Polytechnic University (PolyU) dropped 11 places in the latest rankings to 177. A PolyU representative said QS does not measure some programmes. The University of Cambridge ranked first globally, with Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology coming in second and third. Cambridge took the top spot for the second straight year. Yet the league remains dominated by US institutions, which took 13 of the top 20 places.