Gulshan Rafiq
Gulshan Rafiq
Gulshan Rafiq is a research associate at the Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI). She holds an MSc and MPhil degree in defence and strategic studies from Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad. Her research areas cover contemporary international affairs, traditional security threats and nuclear nonproliferation issues.

Pakistan hopes Biden will address its concerns on regional instability and India’s revisionist policies. Relations, dominated by strategic concerns, can be more productive if they work on larger goals such as climate, health, education and infrastructure.

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